26-27 May: The Timurid Period: Cultural Production, Exchange and Legacies

Conference organized within the Leiden Central Asia Initiative, funded by the research profile Asian Modernities and Traditions. The event will focus on cultural production, used here as a blanket term for various forms of literary and artistic production, in relation to patterns of cultural exchange in the Timurid period. Convened by Gabrielle van den Berg and Elena Paskaleva.

Dates
Thursday, 26 May
Friday, 27 May

Venue
Gravensteen
Room 011
Pieterskerkhof 6
2311 SR  Leiden 

Registration
The event is free of charge, however seating is limited. If you would like to attend, please register before 24 May at amt@leiden.edu

Program

Abstracts


Timur and his descendants created a complex aesthetic vocabulary based on their shared Turko-Mongol heritage. Yet this vocabulary was constantly replenished through a dynamic cultural exchange. The aim of the conference is to map the interaction between imperial ideology, literary and artistic production in a diachronic and synchronic perspective, and to contextualize the process dynamics through textual and material analysis. The central question is how literary and artistic production, mapped, measured and analysed for different representatives of the Timurid dynasty and through a broad variety of media, related to the development of imperial ideology in the Turko-Persian world. How far was cultural production in the Timurid period the result of cultural exchange, and how did this unfold?

Program

Thursday, 26 May

8.30-9.00 Coffee and tea

9.00-9.30 Welcome

9.00-9.10 Dr. Gabrielle van den Berg, Leiden University

9.10-9.20 Dr. Vladimir Norov, Benelux Ambassador of Uzbekistan

9.20-9.30 In the shadow of the Samarkand monuments: 40 years of transformation as seen by an archaeologist
Frantz Grenet, Collège de France

9.30-11.30 Timurid Historiographical Narratives and Legacies
Chair: Evrim Binbas, Royal Holloway, University of London

Timurid ideology and cultural production in a regional context
Beatrice Manz, Tufts University

Reflection of international relations of the Timurid state in the Insha collections: Questions of textual analysis and problems of authenticity
(in Russian with English translation)
Sanjar Gulomov, Al-Biruni Centre of Oriental Manuscripts, Institute of Oriental Studies

Evidence of Timurid legitimacy in the Safavid period? The case of the Barnābādi Khwājas of Herat
Maria Szuppe, CNRS, UMR Mondes iranien et indien

11.30-12.30 Timurid Architecture and Epigraphy
Chair: Daniel C. Waugh, University of Washington Seattle

Epigraphic monuments of Samarqand from the time of Timur and the Timurid period: Cultural-historical contexts
(in Russian with English translation)
Bakhtiyar Babadjanov, Al-Biruni Centre of Oriental Manuscripts, Institute of Oriental Studies

Texts added, texts removed: Architectural narratives at Gur-i Amir in Samarqand
Elena Paskaleva, Leiden University

12.30-13.30 Lunch (Gravensteen)

13.30-15.30 Timurid Aesthetics
Chair: Frantz Grenet, Collège de France

Builders and destroyers: Military leaders as demiurges of aesthetics in the Timurid age
Michele Bernardini, Università degli Studi di Napoli “L’Orientale”

Jade: An Introduction to Timurid Aesthetics
Yuka Kadoi, University of Edinburgh

A unique syncretism: the Timurids' glazed tiles of Shahrisabz
Céline Ollagnier, Association "Sciences et Patrimoine" PACT

A Timurid Resonance? New Perspectives on Ceramic Tile Production in Tabriz in the 15th century
Sandra Aube, CNRS, UMR Mondes iranien et indien

15.30-16.00 Coffee break

16.00-17.30 Timurid Arts of the Book
Chair: Francis Richard, BULAC & UMR Mondes iranien et indien

Manuscripts of the Timurid Period - Carries of culture
(in Russian with English translation)
Nozim Khabibullaev, Tashkent

When Paper was Gold: Diplomacy, Cultural Encounter and the Arts of the Book under the Timurids, ca. 1370-1507
Yusen Yu, University of Heidelberg

Decorative papers in Timurid manuscript culture
Jake Benson, Leiden University

Friday, 27 May

9.00-10.30 Timurid Literary Legacies
Chair: Gabrielle van den Berg, Leiden University

Timurid princes as patrons of science and culture - Shah Rukh’s sons
(in Russian with English translation)
Khurshid Fayziev, director Amir Timur Museum, Tashkent

The Timurid ruler and poet as an object of imitation - Нusayn Baykara and Alisher Navai
Aftandil Erkinov, National University of Uzbekistan / ZMO Berlin

10.30-11.00 Coffee break

11.00-12.30 Timurid Geographical Narratives
Chair: Liesbeth Geevers, Leiden University

Crossing the Borders and Times: The Image of Central Asia in China from the Qarakhanids to the Timurids
Dilnoza Duturaeva, Uzbek Academy of Sciences/ University of Bonn

Geographical information in historical sources from the Timurid period (Central Asia)
(in Russian with English translation)
Omonulla Buriev, Tashkent

12.30-13.30 Lunch (only for invited speakers and chairs)

13.30-15.00 Timurid Dynastic Legacies
Chair: Gabrielle van den Berg, Leiden University

The Enigmatic Tārīkh-i khāndān-i tīmūriyya
Ron Sela, Indiana University Bloomington

The Timurid dynastic legacy: change and continuity in dynastic rule in Iran and Central Asia, 15th-16th centuries
Liesbeth Geevers, Leiden University

Fortifications of power in the Manğīt period based on the model of the Timurids
Gulchekhra Sultonova, Uzbek Academy of Sciences/ Martin Luther Universität Halle-Wittenberg

15.00-15.30 Coffee break

15.30-17.00 Timurid Religious and Political Iconography
Chair: Elena Paskaleva, Leiden University

Timurids and Khoja Ahmad Yasawi: Evolution of His Image
(in Russian with English translation)
Ashirbek Muminov, L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University Astana

Amir Timur in the modern history of Uzbekistan
Bakhrom Abdukhalimov, Uzbek Academy of Sciences 

17.00-17.30 Closing remarks



Themes

Rather than focusing on a single genre, medium or language of courtly literary production, the event will take a comparative and connective perspective. Questions that may be addressed include:

- Narratives: How does literary and artistic production relate to the development of an imperial ideology under the Timurids? How were didactic traditions used for the exaltation of noble origins and for the construction of genealogies?

- Aesthetics: How did culturally diverse artistic practices contribute to the development of a distinct Timurid visual morphology? How were visions of kingship articulated in the urbanscape and landscape of major Timurid cities?

- Beliefs: How was royal grandeur transformed through the diverse visual lexicon of local Islamic cult activities? How was the Timurid ideological pedigree influenced by orthodox Islam and Sufism? What was the impact of these complex theological interactions on the cultural production throughout the Timurid empire? 

- Legacies: How did the evolving imperial ideology serve the various legitimization projects of the consecutive ruling dynasties from India to Turkey? How did the legacy of Timurid royal patronage resonate with the Uzbeks, Mughals, Safavids and the Ottomans?

The themes are broad on purpose, as we wish to welcome speakers from different disciplines and backgrounds.

Confirmed speakers/chairs

Beatrice Manz, Tufts University, USA
Frantz Grenet, Collège de France
Ron Sela, Indiana University Bloomington, USA
Michele Bernardini, University of Naples, Italy
Francis Richard, BULAC & UMR Mondes iranien et indien, France
Daniel C. Waugh, University of Washington Seattle, USA
Ashirbek Muminov, L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Kazakhstan 
Bakhrom Abdukhalimov, Vice-President, Uzbek Academy of Sciences
Amanulla Buriev, Uzbekistan
Maria Szuppe, CNRS, UMR Mondes iranien et indien, France
Firuza Abdullaeva, Cambridge University, UK
Yuka Kadoi, University of Edinburgh, UK
Evrim Binbas, Royal Holloway, University of London, UK
Nozim Khabibullaev, Uzbekistan
Khurshid Fayziev, Director Timurid Museum, Uzbekistan
Bakhtiyar Babadjanov, Uzbekistan
Sanjar Gulomov, Uzbekistan
Liesbeth Geevers, Leiden University, The Netherlands
Céline Ollagnier, Association "Sciences et Patrimoine" PACT, France
Sandra Aube, CNRS, UMR Mondes iranien et indien, France
Yusen Yu, University of Heidelberg, Germany
Jake Benson, Leiden University, The Netherlands
Gulchekhra Sultonova, Uzbek Academy of Sciences / Martin Luther Universität Halle Wittenberg
Dilnoza Duturaeva, Uzbek Academy of Sciences / Institute of Oriental and Asian Studies, University of Bonn
Gabrielle van den Berg, Leiden University, The Netherlands
Elena Paskaleva, Leiden University, The Netherlands

One of the goals of the Leiden Central Asia Initiative is to provide an academic platform to scholars from Central Asia. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, academic interactions across the region have been slow and sporadic. Leiden University would like to act as a platform for academic exchange between Western and Central Asian scholars working on the Timurid period. That is why, we are very glad that a substantial number of Uzbek colleagues have accepted our invitation. Their contributions will focus on epigraphy, codicology, genealogy, historiography and numismatics.

Travel information

How to reach the Gravensteen Building?

By train
The most convenient way to travel from Schiphol Airport to Leiden is by train. At Schiphol, the train station is situated underneath the Schiphol Plaza in the central hall of the terminal, where there are ticket desks and ticket machines. Trains depart regularly (every 10 mins) from platform 5 or 6 to Leiden Central Station, and the trip takes about 20 minutes. A one-way ticket (enkele reis) costs € 5,80 and a day return (dagretour) costs € 11,80.

More information can be found on the website of the Dutch Railways (Nederlandse Spoorwegen): http://www.ns.nl/en.

You can buy your train e-ticket in advance. Please follow this link.

Walking from Leiden Central Station to the Gravensteen Building
From Leiden Central Station, take the main exit towards the Centre.

Cross the station square and keep to the right side of the road. Take the Stationsweg and then the Steenstraat and continue across the Blauwpoortsbrug bridge. On leaving the bridge, turn right and take the Prinsessekade, which will become the Korte Rapenburg.

Cross the street and you are on the Rapenburg. Take the third street on your left. This is the Kloksteeg. This streets opens onto the Pieterskerkhof. You will find the Gravensteen on your left, opposite the church.

By taxi
Taxis are located just outside the Station. The taxi fare to the city centre is approximately € 8 – € 10.  

By bus
Buses stop in front of Leiden Central Station. You can take buses 15, 16, 31, 40, 42, 187, 185, 189. You need a bus which travels along the Breestraat. Ask the driver to let you know when you are at the bus stop in the Breestraat outside “Selexyz” (a bookshop).
Walk along the Breestraat and turn right into the Pieterskerkchoorsteeg. Follow this street until you arrive at the Pieterskerkhof. You will find the Gravensteen on your right, opposite the church.

By car
Travelling from Amsterdam, the A44 is the best route to take. Make sure you take the A44, not the A4 which also connects Amsterdam, Leiden and The Hague, but runs along the other side of the city! Turn off at the "Leiden" exit, and drive towards the city. After a while you will pass under the railway line. Make sure you take the right lane, as you will have to go straight on into the Mors Singel at the traffic lights just after the railway line (do not take the tunnel on your left).

Turn right into the Morsweg. Follow the Morsweg, until you reach a railway crossing. Cross the railway line and turn immediately left over the bridge. Turn left again at the traffic lights into the Haagweg; just after the second railway crossing there is a car park (see below).

After the railway crossing, turn right immediately over the bridge into the Witte Singel. Follow this road for some time (it twists and turns). You will see the old Observatory buildings across the water on your left. Soon afterwards, turn left across the bridge (almost opposite no. 80) into Kaiserstraat. At the canal Rapenburg, turn right.
Continue until you can turn left over the Rapenburg at the next bridge. You can park your car along on the right or turn left and park somewhere along the canal (note: car parking has to be paid at a meter).  

When coming by car from Rotterdam/The Hague, the A4 is the best route to take. Take the exit “Zoeterwoude” and follow the direction to Leiden (this is the N206). Turn left at the first junction in the direction of Katwijk (not the centre of Leiden) and very soon right at the first major junction (still in the direction of Katwijk). You are now on the Churchillaan.

When you reach the junction (with traffic lights) with the Haagweg, turn right at the traffic lights in the direction of Leiden centre. On the right-hand side, just past the railway crossing, there is a car park (see below).

After the railway crossing, turn right immediately over the bridge into the Witte Singel. Follow this road for some time (it twists and turns). You will see the old Observatory buildings across the water on your left.
Soon afterwards, turn left across the bridge, into Kaiserstraat. At the Rapenburg canal, turn right.
Continue until you can turn left over the Rapenburg at the next bridge. You can park your car on the right or turn left and park somewhere along the canal (Note: car parking has to be paid at a meter).

Parking
You can also leave your car at the University’s central car park, which is located at the Maliebaan in the centre. It takes about 10 minutes to get from the car park to the Oude UB. Cross the Witte Singel and the little bridge on the other side. Follow the road. Then turn right and enter the Doelensteeg. This little alley will take you to the Rapenburg.

On the Rapenburg, keep to the left side of the canal. Take the third street on your left. This is the Kloksteeg. This streets opens onto the Pieterskerkhof.
You will find the Gravensteen on your left, opposite the church.

The other car park is on the Haagweg. It’s slightly further from the centre, but from there you can take advantage of the buses that will ferry you free of charge to the centre and back.  

Hotel information

The organisers have made hotel reservations for all speakers and chairs.

All other guests and participants are advised to make their own hotel reservations. Please try to book your hotel well in advance. Leiden receives many international visitors throughout the year, and many hotels may be fully booked.

You may find the following website useful for booking hotels in and around Leiden: http://www.hotels.nl/leiden/.

Hotel Nieuw Minerva
Boommarkt 23
2311 EA Leiden
phone: +31-(0)71-5126358
fax: +31-(0)71-5142674
e-mail:
website: http://www.nieuwminerva.nl/en/

Hotel de Doelen
Rapenburg 2
2311 EV Leiden
phone: +31-(0)71-5120527
email:
website: http://www.dedoelen.com/

IBIS Leiden Centre
Stationsplein 240-242
2312 AR Leiden
phone: +31 71 5160000
fax : +31 715120990
website: http://www.accorhotels.com/gb/hotel-8087-ibis-leiden-centre/index.shtml

Hotel Van der Valk Leiden
Haagse Schouwweg 14
2332 KG Leiden
phone: +31 (0)71 5731731
fax: +31 (0)71 5731710
e-mail:
website: http://www.hotelleiden.nl/en/

 
Last Modified: 20-05-2016